Paying tax on your savings
The interest you earn on most savings will count towards your taxable income. But this doesn’t mean you’ll have to pay tax on it – it all depends how much interest you earn in total and what rate of tax you pay. You can also use ISAs to protect your savings from tax.
Your Personal Savings Allowance
On 6 April 2016 the government introduced a new tax-free Personal Savings Allowance. If you're a basic rate taxpayer, you can now earn up to £1,000 of interest on your savings each tax year (or £500 for higher rate taxpayers) without paying any tax. This is completely separate to the annual ISA allowance and other NS&I tax-free savings. The interest you earn on most savings accounts is taxable, so it counts towards your Personal Savings Allowance. But the interest you earn on ISAs and other tax-free accounts isn’t taxable, so it won’t use up any of your Personal Savings Allowance.
Here are a couple of examples:
At the start of this tax year John, a higher rate taxpayer, has £25,000 in an ordinary savings account paying 2% interest. He has no other taxable savings. He'll earn £500 in interest on this account in this tax year, which uses up all of his Personal Savings Allowance. If he puts any more money into that account in this tax year, he'll have to pay tax on the additional interest. Instead, he could put up to £20,000 into a cash ISA this tax year without paying any tax.
At the start of this tax year Jenny, a basic rate taxpayer, has £60,000 in an ordinary savings account paying 2% interest. She has no other taxable savings. She'll earn £1,200 in interest on this account in this tax year, which is £200 more than her Personal Savings Allowance. This means she'll have to pay tax on £200 of interest if she keeps all the money in that account. Instead, at the start of this tax year she could move £10,000 from the ordinary savings account and put it into a cash ISA: then she won’t have to pay tax on any of her interest. The interest she earns on her ordinary savings account this tax year will reduce to £1,000, the same as her Personal Savings Allowance. And the interest on the £10,000 in her cash ISA will be tax-free.
When considering where to invest your money, you'll need to think about the interest rate you'll earn and the rate of tax you'll pay before deciding whether an ISA or an ordinary savings account is best for you.
Other tax-free savings
We have other tax-free savings accounts you can hold as well as an ISA. Our Premium Bonds give you the chance to win cash prizes from £25 up to £1 million in our monthly prize draw. If you're a lucky winner, you won’t have to pay a penny in tax on your prize.
If you already hold some of our Savings Certificates, you won’t have to pay tax on any returns you earn. And your returns won’t count towards your Personal Savings Allowance.